The Plant

Indica or Sativa?

While the scientists debate these definitions, its generally accepted that there are three types of cannabis plants: Indica, Sativa and Ruderalis.  We’ll stick to the two main types, Indica and Sativa.

Indica plants are typically relaxing, calming, can be sedative and pain relieving, and can be good stress relievers, while sativa plants are typically uplifting, creative, euphoric, happy, and activating.

Indica and Sativa plants are readily cross bred together, making what’s called a hybrid.  In fact, there are very few pure indica’s or sativa’s available today: the majority of plants are hybrids.  Pure indica and sativa plants that have never been crossbred are called “Landrace Strains”.

Hybrids will often be characterized by their parent’s lineage, for example a pure sativa crossed with a pure indica is a 50/50 hybrid.  However in practice, the effects from a hybrid can vary greatly, due to something called phenotypes.

Strains & Phenos

“Strain” is the term used to describe different Cannabis plants.  Pure plants are called Landrace strains, while plants that have been crossbred are called Hybrid strains.  There are over 1,000 strains, and at any given time you’ll find 20-30 at the Village.

“Phenotypes” are like children: every cannabis seed is a different phenotype of the strain.

When growing from seed, an experienced grower will sprout several seeds, take clippings from them each, and grow those “clones” to flowering plants.  These plants are then tested and the grower picks the one (or more) she likes the best.  This is now his phenotype of the strain.

Seeds from a 50/50 hybrid can vary greatly when grown, some leaning towards indica characteristics, some towards sativa, with a full spectrum in between.

There are examples of different phenotypes being distinct enough to get a different strain name –  for example Moby Dick and Killer Whale, both phenotypes of White Widow x Haze.

Cannabinoids

Cannabinoinds are the main active elements in the Cannabis plant.  Tetrahydrocannabinol – THC is the most commonly known, and is the main psychoactive element in the plant. Cannabidiol – CBD is the second most plentiful cannabinoid, and is actually anti-psychotic, reducing the euphoric effects of THC, while making the benefits last longer.

THC is an analgesic (pain reliever), anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, neuro-protective/neuro-regenerative,  antiemetic (anti-nausea), sleep aid, appetite stimulant, and has many other uses.

CBD’s are non-intoxicating , and have many properties including anti-convulsive/anti-spasmodic, anti-inflammatory,neuro-protective/neuro-regenerative, anti-depressant, a muscle relaxant, sedative, anti-anxiety, and have many other benefits including relieving some forms of high blood pressure.

Other important cannabinoids include Cannibigerol – CBG, Cannibicromene – CBC,  Cannabinol – CBN, and  Tetrahydrocannabivarin – THCV.

But that’s not all there is, Terpenes play a significant role in how the plants make you feel.

Terpenes 

Terpenes are found in everything we smell or taste.  Terpenoids differ slightly from terpenes, however the two terms are often used interchangeably.

Dr Raphael Metchoulum, grandfather of cannabis research, coined the phrase “The Enterage Effect”, to describe the combined effects of all compounds found in Cannabis vs the effect of an isolated compound.

We know that THC, when isolated from Indica or Sativa flowers, is exactly the same.  The terpenes (and certain other cannabinoids) modulate the THC, creating the entourage effect and making , for example, some strains feel sleepy while others are energizing.

Often, the strain that smells the best to you will give you the best benefits.  The mantra “Buy with your nose” works!

 

Modalities

Inhale

Inhaling is the most immediate way to deliver the benefits of cannabis; for this reason, it can be effective in treating asthma, nausea, pain, migraine headaches and anxiety attacks.  It can take from 5 to 15 minutes to fully feel an inhaled dose, and the effects may last an hour or two. It is also the most common method of reaching a euphoric effect.

Ingest

Ingestion is best when you are looking for long term effects…it is also the most challenging way to consume as timing and dosage is everything! It can take up to 2 hours to fully feel an edible dose, and the effect can last for several hours: staying asleep is a perfect fit for this modality.  While the City of Vancouver has banned baked or candied edibles, we are able to offer capsules and edible oils in a variety of forms and potencies. Many of these products fit the farm to table philosophy.

Absorb

Cannabis topicals can be very effective in pain management, as well as in the treatment of skin conditions such as rosacea, eczema, and psoriasis. Applying topical products enable consumers to use cannabis therapy without having to navigate the euphoria often associated with inhaling or ingesting.

Oral

Consuming sublingually (under the tongue) or buccally (through the cheeks) is another quick way to deliver the benefits of cannabis.  Relief can often be felt within a few seconds, and it may take up to 20 minutes to fully feel the effects from oral dosing, Effects may last 2 to 3 hours, depending on your dose.  This modality is preferred by those who need quick effects, but don’t enjoy inhaling or need a more discrete method.  Spray’s can be very convenient and effective for stress and anxiety, and many have found effective sleep benefits from indica tinctures.

Insert

You may be asking yourself “Insert?”  Yes, a cannabis infused insert is a highly effective modality with quick response time and a fraction of the intoxication of an equivalent edible dose. It’s estimated that up to 70% of the cannabinoids are bioavailable when inserted, making it a very efficient delivery method.  Wether it be to manage painful menstruation, aid in IBS management or to engage as part of a Cancer therapy, inserts must be considered.

What our members say

“This is a superb dispensary. The stylish appearance, quality of products, strain diversity and customer service raises the bar. Visiting here feels like the future of retail cannabis. Check it out and you’ll see what I mean.”

Maza Burein

“wow…what a soulful setting and lots of love!! the education I received was amazing and your product was uber stinky and very flavorful. thanks I’m telling everybody!!”

Otis Redding fan22

I have been dispensary shopping all over Vancouver for products to help with my medical condition and The Village by far has the best products/service/prices and atmosphere Jeremy and staff are great !!!!!

J Devilla

Incredible Budtender knowledge, service, uniqueness of products and strains. The best dispensary I’ve been to. Thanks Jeremy and Andrea!

Alex Zaslavsky

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